过去进行时的句子30个简单(一般过去时和过去进行时的句子)

Everyone likes listening to a good story, but can you tell a good story? Storytelling is a really useful skill.

每个人都喜欢听好听的故事,但你能讲出一个好故事吗?讲故事是一项非常有用的能力。

It gets you invited to lots of dinner parties. And it's useful at work too.

它会让你受邀参加很多晚宴。而且在工作中也很有用。

Sometimes stories are a good way to explain why you want to do something. So today we're looking at a grammar structure that will help you tell a good story.

有时候,故事是解释你为什么想做某件事的好方法。所以今天我们要学习一种语法结构,它可以帮助你讲好一个故事。

The past continuous. Also known as the past progressive.

过去进行时。也被称为过去进行式。

And we have some great stories for you as well. . . . How to tell a great story. . .

我们也为你准备了一些精彩的故事。如何讲好故事。

We have four special stories today. They're all about dogs and puppies, and they're all set in Manila in the Philippines.

今天我们有四个特别的故事。内容都是关于狗和小狗的,故事都发生在菲律宾马尼拉

And they're all true stories. And very heart warming.

这些都是真实的故事。而且非常暖心。

Let's jump straight in and hear the first one. See if you can spot examples of the past continuous.

让我们直接来听第一个故事吧。看看你能不能找出过去进行时的例子。

Meet June. Today he's a very happy dog, but his life used to be very different.

它叫琼。如今他是一只非常快乐的狗狗,但它过去的生活很不一样。

Two years ago, when he was just a puppy, he was living on the streets of Manilla. He had wounds all over his body and he was drinking water from the ground.

两年前,当他还是一只小狗的时候,他还生活在马尼拉的街头。他全身都是伤口,喝的都是地上的水。

People scared him and he didn't like it when a dog catcher picked him up. But that was when his life turned around.

人们把他吓坏了,他很不喜欢捕狗人把他抓起来。但就在那时,他的生活出现了转机。

He spent a month at the vet's getting better and then he went home with Hazel, his new owner. Now he's probably the most fashionable dog in Manila.

他在兽医那里待了一个月,身体渐渐好转,然后就和他的新主人哈兹尔一起回家了。现在他可能是马尼拉最时髦的狗了。

Did you spot the past continuous? I was just looking at the dog.

你有发现过去进行时吗?我刚刚只顾着看那条狗了。

He was so cute. I know it's hard to think about grammar when you're focused on a story, but let's see what happened.

他太可爱了。我知道当你专注于一个故事时很难去思考语法问题,但让我们来看看发生了什么。

Most of the time when we're talking about things that happened in the past, we use the past simple. It's pretty straight forward.

大多数情况下,当我们谈论发生在过去的事情时,我们会使用一般过去时。这很直接。

You add -ed to the main verb, you form the negative with didn't and irregular verbs have special forms. But we heard another past tense form too: the past continuous.

在主要动词后面加-ed,用 didn't 构成否定句,不规则动词有特殊的过去形式。但是我们也听到了另一种过去的形式:过去进行时。

We can use it to talk about actions that were in progress at a specific time in the past, so here it's 2 years ago. We form the past continuous with the past form of the verb be, so was or were — and then the -ing form of the main verb.

我们可以用它来谈论在过去某个特定时间正在进行的行为,比如这是两年前。我们用动词 be 的过去式,也就是 was 或 were,然后加主要动词的 -ing 形式,构成过去进行时。

I have a question for you. Why do we say had here and not was having?

我有一个问题要问你。为什么我们在这里说 had 而不是 was having?

It's because the verb 'have' describes a state here, not an action. State verbs don't normally have continuous forms.

因为动词 have 在这里描述的是一种状态,而不是一个动作。状态动词通常没有进行式。

We've made another video about that if you're interested. I have another question.

如果你感兴趣的话,我们还做了另一个期关于该问题的视频。我还有一个问题。

Yeah? Why do we use the past continuous when we're telling stories?

什么?为什么我们在讲故事的时候要使用过去进行时?

Why not use the past simple all the time? Great question.

为什么不一直使用一般过去时呢?问得好。

The past simple works well when we want to list things that happened. But stories get more interesting when we use the past continuous too, so the past simple AND continuous.

当我们想要列出发生的事情时,一般过去时很有用。但是当我们也用过去进行式时,故事就会变得更有趣,所以一般过去时和进行时都会用。

Why's that? The past continuous brings stories alive.

为什么这么说呢?过去进行时会让故事变得生动。

It adds extra information and helps us paint pictures in our mind. Let's hear some more examples.

它增加了额外的信息,帮助我们在脑海中描绘画面。我们再来听几个例子。

It was a busy day in Manila. The sun was shining and everyone was hurrying to work.

这是马尼拉繁忙的一天。阳光明媚,大家都赶着去上班。

Michael decided to take a different route to college, and something caught his eye. A young puppy was limping along the road.

迈克尔决定走一条不同的路线去上大学,有什么东西引起了他的注意。一只小狗一瘸一拐地走在路上。

He looked very sick and he was starving. Michael found him some food and water, but he couldn't afford to adopt him because he was supporting both himself and his younger brother through school.

他看上去病得很重,而且快要饿死了。迈克尔给他找到了一些食物和水,但他负担不起收养他的费用,因为他要养活自己和弟弟完成学业。

So he turned to his friends for help. He posted a message on Facebook with a map of the dog's location and asked everyone to share it.

于是他向朋友们求助。他在脸书上发布了一条信息,并附上了这只狗的位置地图,请大家转发。

The message made its way to the US where Geri picked it up. She contacted her friends in the Philippines and found someone to take Jay to the vet.

消息传到了美国,格里在那里收到了消息。她联系了她在菲律宾的朋友,找人带杰去看兽医。

Jay was suffering from mange, a skin disease that made him lose his fur. He was always scratching because his skin was itchy, but not any more.

杰患有疥癣,这是一种皮肤病,使他的毛发脱落。他总是因为皮肤瘙痒而抓挠,但现在不一样了。

Jay was adopted by Ninfa and just look at him now. What a bundle of lovely white fur and what a happy dog!

杰被妮法收养了,看看他现在的样子。多么可爱的一团白毛,多么快乐的小狗啊!

Hey that dog has the same name as me! Yes, they called him Jay because apparently, in Chinese culture, the letter J is lucky.

嘿,那只狗和我的名字一样!是的,他们叫他杰是因为很显然,在中国文化中,字母 J 代表幸运。

He was a very lucky dog. Indeed.

他是一只非常幸运的狗。确实是。

But let's look at how we used the two past forms. Notice how the story started.

但让我们看看如何使用这两种过去时态。请注意故事是如何开始的。

The sun was shining, everyone was hurrying to work. We often use the past continuous like this at the start of stories to set the scene.

阳光明媚,大家都赶着去上班。我们经常在故事开头使用过去进行时来设置场景。

We use it to give the background and context for the story, and then when the action starts, we switch. For the events in the story we use the past simple.

我们用它来提供故事的背景和场景,然后当行动开始时,我们就切换。对于故事中的事件,我们使用一般过去时。

But when we're describing a scene, we use the past continuous, like this. The past continuous paints a picture of what things were like, so it's very effective at the start of stories.

但是当我们描述一个场景时,我们用过去进行时,像这样。过去进行时描绘了事物当时的样子,所以它在故事的开头非常有感染力。

And another thing. Sometimes we want to give reasons and explain why something happened or didn't happen.

还有另一点。有时我们想给出理由,解释为什么某事发生了或没有发生。

The past continuous is useful for that too. We use it to give context, so here we learn why Michael couldn't adopt Jay.

过去进行时在这方面也很起作用。我们用它来提供背景,所以在这里我们了解了为什么迈克尔不能收养杰。

He was supporting himself and his brother through school. Another example.

他当时要供自己和弟弟念完成学业。另一个例子。

Why did Jay lose his fur? It was because he was suffering from mange.

杰为什么会掉毛?这是因为他得了疥癣。

So 'he lost his fur' is an event but we use the past continuous to give the background and explain why. So the past continuous sets the scene and gives context to a story.

所以‘他失去了他的毛’是一个事件,但是我们用过去进行时来说明背景和解释原因。所以过去进行时设置了场景,也给故事提供了背景。

That's a good way of thinking about it. Past simple for the events.

这是一种很好的回想当时的方式。一般过去时用来讲述事件。

Past continuous for the context and background. And the past continuous can tell you about the timing of events.

过去进行时用于提供上下文与背景。过去进行时可以告诉你事件发生的时间。

What do you mean? Well, let's watch another example.

你是什么意思?我们来看另一个例子。

Erika was a stray dog that visited the parking lot outside Fernando's office. She was super friendly and loved to be petted.

艾瑞卡是一只流浪狗,它来到了费尔南多办公室外的停车场。她超级友好,喜欢被人抚摸。

Every day, when Fernando was going into work, Erika was sitting outside, waiting to greet him. And when he was leaving at night she was there again, waiting to follow him to his car and watch him drive away.

每天,当费尔南多去上班时,艾瑞卡就坐在外面,等着迎接他。当他晚上离开的时候,她又在那里,等着跟着他到他的车那里,看着他开车离开。

Then one day, Erika showed up with a friend, Chance. Chance was very thin and he was suffering from mange.

后来有一天,艾瑞卡带着一个叫钱斯的朋友出现了。钱斯很瘦,他得了疥癣。

Fernando was worried about how sick he was. He knew he wouldn't survive long on the streets, so he decided to take them both to the vet.

费尔南多很担心钱斯的病情。他知道钱斯在街头活不了多久,所以他决定带它们去看兽医。

It was easy to persuade Erika to get into the car. She trusted him, but Chance was frightened.

劝说艾瑞卡上车很容易。她信任他,但钱斯却很害怕。

But by the end of the day, he'd relaxed. He seemed to know he was safe.

但在一天结束时,他放松了。他似乎知道自己是安全的。

Fernando adopted both of them and today Chance is a very happy dog and a lot fatter. Sadly Erika passed away last year, but Chance still lives with Fernando and some of other stray dogs that Fernando has rescued.

费尔南多收养了他们两个,如今钱斯是一只非常快乐的狗,而且胖了很多。但遗憾的是,艾瑞卡去年去世了,但钱斯仍然和费尔南多以及其他一些费尔南多救助过的流浪狗生活在一起。

So Erica has died. Yeah.

艾瑞卡死了。是的。

She had a special place in Fernando's heart. We know how he feels.

她在费尔南多的心中有着特殊的地位。我们知道他的感受。

It's tough when a dog dies. I still think of Carter all the time.

当一只狗死去,感觉是很痛苦的。我仍然会时刻想起卡特。

Carter was a dog we had that died. Notice we have two actions happening at the same time here.

卡特是我们养过的一条已经去世的狗。注意,这里有两个动作同时发生。

We can use the past continuous for both actions and it shows they were happening simultaneously. That can be useful when you're telling a story.

我们可以对两个动作都使用过去进行时,这表明它们是同时发生的。这在你讲故事的时候很有用。 =xqy=

When we use the continuous form of a verb, it can express duration and repetition. So it indicates an action continued for a length of time, and possibly that it happened again and again.

当我们使用动词的进行式时,它可以表示持续时间和重复。所以它表示一个动作持续了一段时间,也可能是该动作一次又一次地发生。

And that's what we're seeing here. Two actions happened simultaneously and also repeatedly.

这就是我们在这里看到的。两个动作同时发生,而且反复发生。

Fernando kept going to work and leaving and Erika was always there. You could switch the word 'when' for 'while' in this sentence and it would mean the same thing.

费尔南多不断地去工作,然后离开,而艾瑞卡总是在那里。你可以把这个单词“when”换成“while”,意思是一样的。

And you could also change the order of the two clauses and it would mean the same thing as well. These are two long actions that were happening at the same time.

你也可以改变这两个分句的顺序,它的意思也一样。这是两个同时发生的长期动作。

So the past continuous adds information about timing. It shows an action had length and duration.

过去进行时增加了有关时间的信息。它表明一个动作具有长度和持续时间。

We'll often use the past continuous for long actions and the past simple for short ones. And that can be very useful for telling stories.

我们经常会用过去进行时来表示较长的动作,用一般过去时来表示较短的动作。这对讲故事非常有用。

How come? Sometimes long actions get interrupted or stopped by short ones.

怎么讲呢?有时长动作会被短动作打断或停止。

We need another example. Let's have our last story.

我们需要另一个例子。让我们来看最后一个故事。

Nobody knows what happened to Bella. She was probably hit by a car while she was crossing the street.

没有人知道贝拉发生了什么事。她可能在过马路时被车撞了。

When Lance and Anzhelika found her she was lying at the side of the road and she couldn't move. They took her to the vet but the news was bad.

当兰斯和安泽利卡发现她时,她躺在路边,动弹不得。他们带她去看兽医,但结果很不乐观。

Bella had a spine injury and the vet said she would never walk again. So Lance and Anzhelika found a solution.

贝拉的脊椎受了伤,兽医说她再也不能走路了。于是兰斯和安泽利卡找到了一个解决办法。

Bella is mobile again and look at that smile! What a great story!

贝拉又能活动了,看看她的笑容!多棒的故事啊!

She's amazing. It started so badly but then it had a happy ending.

她可真了不起。故事的开头很糟糕,但后来有了一个美好的结局。 ~xyq~

And we had some great examples of the past continuous. The long action here is 'Bella was crossing the street'.

我们还有一些有关过去进行时的好例子。这里的长动作是“贝拉正在过马路”。

And it was interrupted and stopped by a short action. She was hit by a car.

它被一个简短的动作打断并停止了。她被车撞了。

Notice we use the past continuous for the long action and the past simple for the short one. This is another sentence where you could reverse the two clauses and the meaning would stay the same.

注意,我们对长动作使用了过去进行时,对短动作时使用了一般过去时。这是另一个句子,你可以把两个分句换位置,意思保持不变。

And also, you could change 'while' for 'when' here. But notice that you couldn't say 'while she was hit by a car'.

这里你也可以把 while 换成 when。但是请注意,你不能说“而她被车撞了”。

We can use 'when' with the short action or long action. But we only use 'while' with long actions.

用 when 时,我们可以既可以修饰短动作也可以修饰长动作。用 while 时,我们只可以修饰长动作。

Another example. The long action here was 'lying'.

另一个例子。这里的长动作是“躺”。

When they found Bella they picked her up and took her to the vet, so the long action was interrupted or stopped by the short one. Past continuous — past simple.

当他们找到贝拉时,他们把她抱起来,带她去看兽医,所以长动作被短动作打断或停止。分别使用过去进行时——一般过去时。

I think we need a quick summary. That sounds good.

我觉得我们需要一个简短的总结。听起来不错。

OK, to tell a good story you're going to need the past simple AND the past continuous. The past simple is great for telling the main events in a story but the past continuous adds extra information that can bring a story to life.

好的,要讲好一个故事,你需要用到一般过去时和过去进行时。一般过去时非常适合讲述故事中的主要事件,而过去进行时则为故事添加了额外的信息,让故事生动起来。

It's useful for setting the scene and describing the background. So it's great for giving reasons, and explaining why things happened.

过去进行时对设置场景和描述背景很有用。所以它很适合解释原因,解释事情发生的原因。

And it also describes the timing of events. You can use it to describe when actions happened — so actions that were going on around a point in time.

它还可以描述事件发生的时间。你可以用它来描述某个动作发生的时间——也就是围绕一个时间点进行的行动。

And to describe things that were happening at the same time — simultaneous actions. And to describe actions that got interrupted — long actions that were stopped by another shorter action.

还可以描述同时发生的事情——同时发生的动作。以及描述被打断的动作——被另一个较短的动作所打断的长动作。

In short, the past continuous makes stories better! We want to say thank you to all the lovely dog rescuers who have let us share their stories in today's videos.

简而言之,过去进行时能让故事更好听!我们想对所有可爱的狗狗救助者说声谢谢,他们让我们在今天的视频中分享他们的故事。

They were so inspiring. If you've enjoyed them, please give this video thumbs up and share it with a friend.

他们让人很受鼓舞。如果你喜欢这些故事,请点赞并与朋友分享。

And don't forget to subscribe to our channel so you don't miss our future videos. Bye everyone.

不要忘记订阅我们的频道,以免错过我们以后发布的视频。大家再见。

Bye-bye.

拜拜啦。

创业项目群,学习操作 18个小项目,添加 微信:80709525  备注:小项目

本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献,该文观点仅代表作者本人。本站仅提供信息存储空间服务,不拥有所有权,不承担相关法律责任。如发现本站有涉嫌抄袭侵权/违法违规的内容, 请发送邮件至 sumchina520@foxmail.com 举报,一经查实,本站将立刻删除。
如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.yuehuzhi.com/1989.html